Introducing Team Foundation Server decryption tool

During penetration tests we sometimes encounter servers running software that use sensitive information as part of the underlying process, such as Microsoft's Team Foundation Server (TFS). TFS can be used for developing code, version control and automatic deployment to target systems. This blogpost provides two tools to decrypt sensitive information that is stored in the TFS … Continue reading Introducing Team Foundation Server decryption tool

Introducing Orchestrator decryption tool

Researched and written by Donny Maasland and Rindert Kramer Introduction During penetration tests we sometimes encounter servers running software that use sensitive information as part of the underlying process, such as Microsoft's System Center Orchestrator. According to Microsoft, Orchestrator is a workflow management solution for data centers and can be used to automate the creation, … Continue reading Introducing Orchestrator decryption tool

Escalating privileges with ACLs in Active Directory

Researched and written by Rindert Kramer and Dirk-jan Mollema Introduction During internal penetration tests, it happens quite often that we manage to obtain Domain Administrative access within a few hours. Contributing to this are insufficient system hardening and the use of insecure Active Directory defaults. In such scenarios publicly available tools help in finding and exploiting these issues … Continue reading Escalating privileges with ACLs in Active Directory

Lessons learned from a Man-in-the-Middle attack

It’s become a widely accepted mantra that experiencing a cyber breach is a question of ‘when’ and not ‘if’. For Fox-IT ‘if’ became ‘when’ on Tuesday, September 19 2017, when we fell victim to a “Man-in-the-Middle” attack. As a result of the multi-layered security protection, detection and response mechanisms we had in place, the incident … Continue reading Lessons learned from a Man-in-the-Middle attack

Criminals in a festive mood

This morning the Fox-IT Security Operations Center observed a large number of phishing e-mails that contained a link to a downloadable zip file. Anyone downloading and opening that zip file would infect themselves with banking malware, that would subsequently try to lure the victim into divulging their credit card information. So far nothing new: e-mail … Continue reading Criminals in a festive mood

Fox-IT debunks report on ByLock app that landed 75,000 people in jail in Turkey

The Turkish government has been actively pursuing the prosecution of the participants of the Gülen movement in what it calls “the Fetullahist Terrorist Organization/Parallel State Structure (FETÖ/PDY)”. To this end, the Turkey’s National Intelligence Organization (Millî İstihbarat Teşkilatı or MİT in Turkish) has investigated the relation of a publicly available smart phone messaging application called … Continue reading Fox-IT debunks report on ByLock app that landed 75,000 people in jail in Turkey