SnapMC skips ransomware, steals data

Over the past few months NCC Group has observed an increasing number of data breach extortion cases, where the attacker steals data and threatens to publish said data online if the victim decides not to pay. Given the current threat landscape, most notable is the absence of ransomware or any technical attempt at disrupting the … Continue reading SnapMC skips ransomware, steals data

Abusing cloud services to fly under the radar

tl;dr NCC Group and Fox-IT have been tracking a threat group with a wide set of interests, from intellectual property (IP) from victims in the semiconductors industry through to passenger data from the airline industry. In their intrusions they regularly abuse cloud services from Google and Microsoft to achieve their goals. NCC Group and Fox-IT … Continue reading Abusing cloud services to fly under the radar

StreamDivert: Relaying (specific) network connections

Author: Jelle Vergeer The first part of this blog will be the story of how this tool found its way into existence, the problems we faced and the thought process followed. The second part will be a more technical deep dive into the tool itself, how to use it, and how it works. Storytime About … Continue reading StreamDivert: Relaying (specific) network connections

WastedLocker: A New Ransomware Variant Developed By The Evil Corp Group

Authors: Nikolaos Pantazopoulos, Stefano Antenucci (@Antelox) Michael Sandee and in close collaboration with NCC’s RIFT. About the Research and Intelligence Fusion Team (RIFT):RIFT leverages our strategic analysis, data science, and threat hunting capabilities to create actionable threat intelligence, ranging from IOCs and detection capabilities to strategic reports on tomorrow's threat landscape. Cyber security is an … Continue reading WastedLocker: A New Ransomware Variant Developed By The Evil Corp Group

LDAPFragger: Command and Control over LDAP attributes

Written by Rindert Kramer Introduction A while back during a penetration test of an internal network, we encountered physically segmented networks. These networks contained workstations joined to the same Active Directory domain, however only one network segment could connect to the internet. To control workstations in both segments remotely with Cobalt Strike, we built a … Continue reading LDAPFragger: Command and Control over LDAP attributes

Office 365: prone to security breaches?

Author: Willem Zeeman "Office 365 again?". At the Forensics and Incident Response department of Fox-IT, this is heard often.  Office 365 breach investigations are common at our department. You’ll find that this blog post actually doesn’t make a case for Office 365 being inherently insecure – rather, it discusses some of the predictability of Office … Continue reading Office 365: prone to security breaches?

Using Anomaly Detection to find malicious domains

Applying unsupervised machine learning to find ‘randomly generated domains. Authors: Ruud van Luijk and Anne Postma At Fox-IT we perform a variety of research and investigation projects to detect malicious activity to improve the service of  our Security Operations Center. One of these areas is applying data science techniques to real world data in real … Continue reading Using Anomaly Detection to find malicious domains

Syncing yourself to Global Administrator in Azure Active Directory

This blog describes a vulnerability discovered by Fox-IT last year in Azure AD Connect, which would allow anyone with account creation privileges in the on-premise Active Directory directory to modify the password of any cloud-only account in Azure AD. Because of the way accounts are commonly configured, this could often enable an attacker to take … Continue reading Syncing yourself to Global Administrator in Azure Active Directory

Export corrupts Windows Event Log files

Exported .evtx files may contain corrupted data - Check interpretation of forensic tools. Author: Jeffrey Wassenaar Introduction As forensic investigators, we truly love log files. During the investigation of a system with a Microsoft Windows operating system, Windows Event Log files (.evtx) can be very useful. System events (such as logons) are logged, but applications … Continue reading Export corrupts Windows Event Log files

Getting in the Zone: dumping Active Directory DNS using adidnsdump

Zone transfers are a classical way of performing reconnaissance in networks (or even from the internet). They require an insecurely configured DNS server that allows anonymous users to transfer all records and gather information about host in the network. What not many people know however is that if Active Directory integrated DNS is used, any … Continue reading Getting in the Zone: dumping Active Directory DNS using adidnsdump