Your trust, our signature

Written and researched by Mark Bregman and Rindert Kramer Sending signed phishing emails Every organisation, whatever its size, will encounter phishing emails sooner or later. While the number of phishing attacks is increasing every day, the way in which phishing is used within a cyber-attack has not changed: an attacker comes up with a scenario … Continue reading Your trust, our signature

Phishing – Ask and ye shall receive

During penetration tests, our primary goal is to identify the difference in paths that can be used to obtain the goal(s) as agreed upon with our customers. This often succeeds due to insufficient hardening, lack of awareness or poor password hygiene. Sometimes we do get access to a resource, but do not have access to … Continue reading Phishing – Ask and ye shall receive

Introducing Team Foundation Server decryption tool

During penetration tests we sometimes encounter servers running software that use sensitive information as part of the underlying process, such as Microsoft's Team Foundation Server (TFS). TFS can be used for developing code, version control and automatic deployment to target systems. This blogpost provides two tools to decrypt sensitive information that is stored in the TFS … Continue reading Introducing Team Foundation Server decryption tool

Introducing Orchestrator decryption tool

Researched and written by Donny Maasland and Rindert Kramer Introduction During penetration tests we sometimes encounter servers running software that use sensitive information as part of the underlying process, such as Microsoft's System Center Orchestrator. According to Microsoft, Orchestrator is a workflow management solution for data centers and can be used to automate the creation, … Continue reading Introducing Orchestrator decryption tool

Escalating privileges with ACLs in Active Directory

Researched and written by Rindert Kramer and Dirk-jan Mollema Introduction During internal penetration tests, it happens quite often that we manage to obtain Domain Administrative access within a few hours. Contributing to this are insufficient system hardening and the use of insecure Active Directory defaults. In such scenarios publicly available tools help in finding and exploiting these issues … Continue reading Escalating privileges with ACLs in Active Directory

Compromising Citrix ShareFile on-premise via 7 chained vulnerabilities

A while ago we investigated a setup of Citrix ShareFile with an on-premise StorageZone controller. ShareFile is a file sync and sharing solution aimed at enterprises. While there are versions of ShareFile that are fully managed in the cloud, Citrix offers a hybrid version where the data is stored on-premise via StorageZone controllers. This blog … Continue reading Compromising Citrix ShareFile on-premise via 7 chained vulnerabilities

mitm6 – compromising IPv4 networks via IPv6

While IPv6 adoption is increasing on the internet, company networks that use IPv6 internally are quite rare. However, most companies are unaware that while IPv6 might not be actively in use, all Windows versions since Windows Vista (including server variants) have IPv6 enabled and prefer it over IPv4. In this blog, an attack is presented … Continue reading mitm6 – compromising IPv4 networks via IPv6